PF3D7_0603600 at-rich interactive domain-containing protein, putative

Pfarid– parasites grow normally as asexual parasites and undergo gametocytogenesis but fail to form microgametes. (C) IFAs performed for day 15 WT or Pfarid– stage V gametocytes (clone 4E) using a-P230p (green), a stage V male-specific marker, and Pfg377 (red), a marker for female gametocytes. (E) IFAs performed on WT or Pfarid–(clone 4E) gametocytes activated for 20 min in vitro using a-tubulin II (green), a male-specific marker. a-Tubulin II staining showed male gametes emerging from an exflagellating male gametocyte in WT PfNF54. The Pfarid– gametocytes were defective for male gametocyte exflagellation. ND, not detected. (F) IFAs performed on WT PfNF54 and Pfarid– (clone 4E) gametocytes activated for 20 min in vitro using Pfs25 (green), a marker for female gametes, and PfUIS4, marker for the parasitophorous vacuole membrane. Female gametes did not show any defect in egress from the infected RBC

Kumar S, Baranwal VK, Haile MT, Oualim KMZ, Abatiyow BA, Kennedy SY, Vaughan AM, Kappe SHI. PfARID Regulates P. falciparum Malaria Parasite Male Gametogenesis and Female Fertility and Is Critical for Parasite Transmission to the Mosquito Vector. mBio. 2022 31:e0057822.

Other associated proteins

PFID Formal Annotation
PF3D7_0209000 6-cysteine protein p230
PF3D7_0529800 conserved Plasmodium protein, unknown function
PF3D7_0903700 alpha tubulin 1
PF3D7_1031000 ookinete surface protein p25
PF3D7_1250100 osmiophilic body protein g377