PF3D7_1124500 pyruvate dehydrogenase E1 component subunit alpha

N-terminal targeting sequences of PDH subunits E1a and E2 of P. falciparum direct GFP to the apicoplast in intraerythrocytic parasites. The panels show images of P. falciparum parasites from different blood stages expressing episomally encoded GFP fusion proteins. Colocalization with the apicoplast-resident protein ACP using a-ACP antibodies unambiguously shows that the pre-sequences of PDH subunits E1a and E2 are sufficient to target proteins exclusively to the apicoplast (A and C). Red MitoTracker labelling confirms that the GFP staining is for the apicoplast – distinct from but in close proximity to the mitochondrion (B and D). Note also the characteristic shape of the apicoplast in the different parasite.

Foth BJ, Stimmler LM, Handman E, Crabb BS, Hodder AN, McFadden GI. The malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum has only one pyruvate dehydrogenase complex, which is located in the apicoplast. Mol Microbiol. 2005 55(1):39-53.

Other associated proteins

PFID Formal Annotation
PF3D7_1020800 dihydrolipoamide acyltransferase component E2