Representative images from fixed and live IFA of iRBCs from different clones. A4(tr-II) clone contains GFP tagged STEVOR. For fixed IFA, cells from 5A, A4 and A4 (tr-I ) clones were first treated with 4% paraformaldehyde for 15 minutes followed by permeabilization wtih 0.05% Triton X100. Permeabilized cells were then incubated with anti-S1 serum as the primary antibody. For 5A, the primary antibody was detected with PE conjugated goat anti-rabbit serum; for A4 and A4(tr-I), Alexa-488 conjugated donkey anti-rabbit serum was used as the secondary antibody. For live IFA, A4 and A4(tr-I) cells, after a 30 minutes incubation with 1% BSA, were directly incubated with anti-S1 serum followed by staining with Alexa-488 conjugated goat anti rabbit secondary antibody. A4(tr-II) cells were not incubated with any STEVOR antibody in live IFA assay. In each case, parasite was stained with 6-diaminido-2-phenylindole (DAPI, 2 mg/mL in PBS). Successive columns from left to right show the bright field, DAPI, STEVOR staining/GFP tag and merged images respectively. A4 clone does not exhibit any staining with anti-S1 serum in fixed and live IFA assays showing the lack of STEVOR proteins. Cells shown are representative of different asexual stages from cell population samples (White scale bar, 5μm; black scale bar, 5μm).
Singh H, Madnani K, Lim YB, Cao J, Preiser PR, Lim CT. Expression dynamics and physiologically relevant functional study of STEVOR in asexual stages of Plasmodium falciparum infection. Cell Microbiol. 2017 Jun;19(6)
Other associated proteins
|PF3D7_1040200||PIR protein stevor|