PF3D7_1133400 apical membrane antigen 1

PfACT1 KO merozoites can secrete their micronemes and form a tight junction (TJ) but cannot invade erythrocytes. IFA of TJ formation. Colocalisation

of rhoptry neck protein 4 (RON4) and AMA1 at the merozoite-erythrocyte boundary indicates successful TJ formation in DMSO controls (upper two

panels), controls treated with cytochalasin D (middle two panels) and in PfACT1 KOs (lower two panels). Seventy-six percent of DMSO control parasites

invaded erythrocytes in the time frame of the assa. In contrast, 84% of RAP-treated parasites attached to the erythrocyte and could undergo reorientation

and appeared to secrete RON proteins which are required for formation of the junction. However, a typical circular junction could never be observed and

parasites were incapable of invading erythrocytes demonstrating a critical requirement for parasite actin for host cell invasion.

Das S, Lemgruber L, Tay CL, Baum J, Meissner M. Multiple essential functions of Plasmodium falciparum actin-1 during malaria blood-stage development. BMC Biol. 2017 Aug 15;15(1):70.

Other associated proteins

PFID Formal Annotation
PF3D7_1116000 rhoptry neck protein 4
PF3D7_1246200 actin I