PF3D7_1133400 apical membrane antigen 1

PfACT1 KO merozoites remain conjoined post-egress and possess a dysmorphic ruffled surface. a Still images from Additional file 6: Video S1

show normal explosive egress in PfACT1 KOs; however, the RAP-treated population displays conjoined merozoites attached to the FV (white arrows),

compared to completely segregated merozoites not attached to the FV (blue arrows) in DMSO controls. b Post-egress, Giemsa-stained RAP-treated

populations have parasite structures attached to the FV (black arrow). In DMSO controls, the newly released daughter merozoites are free and not

connected to the FV. Scale bar 5 μm. c Conjoined merozoites with a dysmorphic ruffled surface are apparent by SEM in the RAP-treated population. Scale bar 5 μm. d IFA on post-egress preparations of RAP-treated parasites reveals nuclei (DAPI) and micronemes (AMA1) joined to the FV, with the entire structure bounded by a contiguous plasma membrane (MSP1); defect observed in 76% of all FVs. The FV and merozoites are distinct in DMSO controls (94% of all FVs). N= 21 for DMSO and N = 33 for RAP. Scale bar 5 μm. e Free merozoites are released in the PfACT1 KO population, though they often possess a ruffled surface as observed by SEM. Scale bar 1 μm.

Das S, Lemgruber L, Tay CL, Baum J, Meissner M. Multiple essential functions of Plasmodium falciparum actin-1 during malaria blood-stage development. BMC Biol. 2017 Aug 15;15(1):70.

Other associated proteins

PFID Formal Annotation
PF3D7_0930300 merozoite surface protein 1
PF3D7_1246200 actin I